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128 câu hỏi quốc tịch

Note: Tài liệu được lấy từ website của Sở Di Trú Hoa Kỳ US-CIS.GOV

128 Questions for the Naturalization Test

 

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

 

1.   What is the form of government of the United States?

  Republic

  Constitution-based federal republic

  Representative democracy

2.    What is the supreme law of the land?*

  (U.S.) Constitution

 

3.    Name one thing the U.S. Constitution does.

  Forms the government

  Defines powers of government

  Defines the parts of government

  Protects the rights of the people

 

4.    The U.S. Constitution starts with the words "We the People." What does "We the People" mean?

  Self-government

  Popular sovereignty

  Consent of the governed

  People should govern themselves

  (Example of) social contract

 

5.    How are changes made to the U.S. Constitution?

  Amendments

  The amendment process

 

6.    What does the Bill of Rights protect?

  (The basic) rights of Americans

  (The basic) rights of people living in the United States

 

7.   How many amendments does the U.S. Constitution have?*

  Twenty-seven (27)

 

8.    Why is the Declaration of Independence important?

  It says America is free from British control.

  It says all people are created equal.

  It identifies inherent rights.

  It identifies individual freedoms.


 

 

9.    What founding document said the American colonies were free from Britain?

  Declaration of Independence

 

10.   Name two important ideas from the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.

  Equality

  Liberty

  Social contract

  Natural rights

  Limited government

  Self-government

 

11.   The words "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" are in what founding document?

  Declaration of Independence

 

12.    What is the economic system of the United States?*

  Capitalism

  Free market economy

 

13.    What is the rule of law?

  Everyone must follow the law.

  Leaders must obey the law.

  Government must obey the law.

  No one is above the law.

 

14.   Many documents influenced the U.S. Constitution. Name one.

  Declaration of Independence

  Articles of Confederation

  Federalist Papers

  Anti-Federalist Papers

  Virginia Declaration of Rights

  Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  Mayflower Compact

  Iroquois Great Law of Peace

 

15.   There are three branches of government. Why?

  So one part does not become too powerful

  Checks and balances

  Separation of powers


 

 

B: System of Government

 

16.   Name the three branches of government.

  Legislative, executive, and judicial

  Congress, president, and the courts

 

17.   The President of the United States is in charge of which branch of government?

  Executive branch

 

18.    What part of the federal government writes laws?

  (U.S.) Congress

  (U.S. or national) legislature

  Legislative branch

 

19.   What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

  Senate and House (of Representatives)

20.   Name one power of the U.S. Congress*.

  Writes laws

  Declares war

  Makes the federal budget

 

21.   How many U.S. senators are there?

  One hundred (100)

 

22.    How long is a term for a U.S. senator?

  Six (6) years

 

23.    Who is one of your state's U.S. senators now?

  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. senators.]

 

24.   How many voting members are in the House of Representatives?

  Four hundred thirty-five (435)

 

25.    How long is a term for a member of the House of Representatives?

  Two (2) years

 

26.   Why do U.S. representatives serve shorter terms than U.S. senators?

  To more closely follow public opinion

 

27.   How many senators does each state have?

  Two (2)


 

 

28.    Why does each state have two senators?

  Equal representation (for small states)

  The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)

 

29.   Name your U.S. representative.

  Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]

 

30.   What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?*

  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

 

31.   Who does a U.S. senator represent?

  Citizens of their state

 

32.    Who elects U.S. senators?

  Citizens from their state

 

33.    Who does a member of the House of Representatives represent?

  Citizens in their (congressional) district

  Citizens in their district

 

34.    Who elects members of the House of Representatives?

  Citizens from their (congressional) district

 

35.   Some states have more representatives than other states. Why?

  (Because of) the state's population

  (Because) they have more people

  (Because) some states have more people

 

36.   The President of the United States is elected for how many years?*

  Four (4) years

 

37.   The President of the United States can serve only two terms. Why?

  (Because of) the 22nd Amendment

  To keep the president from becoming too powerful

38.   What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the President of the United States.

39.   What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?*

  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Vice President of the United States.


 

 

40.    If the president can no longer serve, who becomes president?

  The Vice President (of the United States)

 

41.   Name one power of the president.

  Signs bills into law

  Vetoes bills

  Enforces laws

  Commander in Chief (of the military)

  Chief diplomat

 

42.   Who is Commander in Chief of the U.S. military?

  The President (of the United States)

 

43.    . Who signs bills to become laws?

  The President (of the United States)

44.    Who vetoes bills?*

  The President (of the United States)

 

45.    . Who appoints federal judges?

  The President (of the United States)

 

46 . The executive branch has many parts. Name one.

President (of the United States)

Cabinet

Federal departments and agencies

 

47.   What does the President's Cabinet do?

  Advises the President (of the United States)


 

 

48.    What are two Cabinet -level positions?

  Attorney General

  Secretary of Agriculture

  Secretary of Commerce

  Secretary of Defense

  Secretary of Education

  Secretary of Energy

  Secretary of Health and Human Services

  Secretary of Homeland Security

  Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

  Secretary of the Interior

  Secretary of Labor

  Secretary of State

  Secretary ofTransportation

  Secretary of the Treasury

  Secretary of Veterans Affairs

  Vice President (of the United States)

 

49.    Why is the Electoral College important?

  It decides who is elected president.

  It provides a compromise between the popular election of the president and congressional selection .

 

50.    What is one part of the judicial branch?

  Supreme Court

  Federal Courts

 

51.    What does the judicial branch do?

  Reviews laws

  Explains laws

  Resolves disputes (disagreements) about the law

  Decides if a law goes against the (U.S.) Constitution

 

52.    What is the highest court in the United States?*

  Supreme Court

 

53.    How many seats are on the Supreme Court?

  Nine (9)

 

54.    How many Supreme Court justices are usually needed to decide a case?

  Five (5)


 

 

55.    How long do Supreme Court justices serve?

  (For) life

  Lifetime appointment

  (Until) retirement

 

56.    Supreme Court justices serve for life. Why?

•Tobe independent (of politics)

  To limit outside (political) influence

 

57.   Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Chief Justice of the United States.

 

58.    Name one power that is only for the federal government.

  Print paper money

  Mint coins

  Declare war

  Create an army

  Make treaties

  Set foreign policy

 

59.    Name one power that is only for the states.

  Provide schooling and education

  Provide protection (police)

  Provide safety (fire departments)

  Give a driver's license

  Approve zoning and land use

 

60.    What is the purpose of the 10th Amendment?

  (It states that the) powers not given to the federal government belong to the states or to the people.

61.    Who is the governor of your state now?*

  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a governor.]

 

62.    What is the capital of your state?

  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]


 

 

C: Rights and Responsibilities

 

63.    There are four amendments to the U.S. Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

  Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

  You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

  Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

  A male citizen of any race (can vote).

 

64.    Who can vote in federal elections, run for federal office, and serve on a jury in the United States?

  Citizens

  Citizens of the United States

  U.S. citizens

 

65.    What are three rights of everyone living in the United States?

  Freedom of expression

  Freedom of speech

  Freedom of assembly

  Freedom to petition the government

  Freedom of religion

  The right to bear arms

66.    What do we show loyalty to when we say the  Pledge of Allegiance?*

  The United States

  The flag

 

67.   Name two promises that new citizens make in the Oath of Allegiance.

  Give up loyalty to other countries

  Defend the (U.S.) Constitution

  Obey the laws of the United States

  Serve in the military (if needed)

  Serve (help, do important work for) the nation (if needed)

  Be loyal to the United States

 

68.    How can people become United States citizens?

  Naturalize

  Derive citizenship

  Be born in the United States


 

 

69.    What are two examples of civic participation in the United States?

  Vote

  Run for office

  Join a political party

  Help with a campaign

  Join a civic group

  Join a community group

  Give an elected official your opinion (on an issue)

  Contact elected officials

  Support or oppose an issue or policy

  Write to a newspaper

 

70.    What is one way Americans can serve their country?

  Vote

  Pay taxes

  Obey the law

  Serve in the military

  Run for office

  Work for local, state, or federal government

 

71.    Why is it important to pay federal taxes?

  Required by law

  All people pay to fund the federal government

  Required by the (U.S.) Constitution (16th Amendment)

  Civic duty

 

72.    It is important for all men age 18 through 25 to register for the Selective Service. Name one reason why.

  Required by law

  Civic duty

  Makes the draft fair, if needed


 

 

AMERICAN HISTORY

 

A: Colonial Period and Independence

 

73.    The colonists came to America for many reasons. Name one.

  Freedom

  Political liberty

  Religious freedom

  Economic opportunity

  Escape persecution

 

74.    Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived ? *

  American Indians

  Native Americans

 

75.    What group of people was taken and sold as slaves?

  Africans

  People from Africa

 

76.    What war did the Americans fight to win independence from Britain?

  American Revolution

  The (American) Revolutionary War

  War for (American) Independence

 

77.     Name one reason why the Americans declared independence from Britain.

  High taxes

  Taxation without representation

  British soldiers stayed in Americans' houses (boarding, quartering)

  They did not have self-government

  Boston Massacre

  Boston Tea Party (Tea Act)

  Stamp Act

  Sugar Act

  Townshend Acts

  Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

 

78.    Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? *

  (Thomas) Jefferson

 

79.    When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

  July 4, 1776


 

 

80.    The American Revolution had many important events. Name one.

  (Battle of) Bunker Hill

  Declaration of Independence

  Washington Crossing the Delaware (Battle of Trenton)

  (Battle of) Saratoga

  Valley Forge (Encampment)

  (Battle of) Yorktown (British surrender at Yorktown)

 

81.    There were 13 original states. Name five.

  New Hampshire

  Massachusetts

  Rhode Island

  Connecticut

  New York

  New Jersey

  Pennsylvania

  Delaware

  Maryland

  Virginia

  North Carolina

  South Carolina

  Georgia

 

82.    What founding document was written in 1787?

  (U.S.) Constitution

 

83.    The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution  . Name one of the writers.

  (James) Madison

  (Alexander) Hamilton

  (John) Jay

  Publius

 

84.    Why were the Federalist Papers important?

  They helped people understand the (U.S.) Constitution.

  They supported passing the (U.S.) Constitution.

 

85.    Benjamin Franklin is famous for many things. Name one.

  Founded the first free public libraries

  First Postmaster General of the United States

  Helped write the Declaration of Independence

  Inventor

  U.S. diplomat


 

86.    George Washington is famous for many things. Name one*.

  "Father of Our Country"

  First president of the United States

  General of the Continental Army

  President of the Constitutional Convention

 

87.   Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. Name one.

  Writer of the Declaration of Independence

  Third president of the United States

  Doubled the size of the United States (Louisiana Purchase)

  First Secretary of State

  Founded the University of Virginia

  Writer of the Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom

 

88.    James Madison is famous for many things. Name one.

  "Father of the Constitution"

  Fourth president of the United States

  President during the War of 1812

  One of the writers of the Federalist Papers

 

89.    Alexander Hamilton is famous for many things. Name one.

  First Secretary of the Treasury

  One of the writers of the Federalist Papers

  Helped establish the First Bank of the United States

  Aide to General George Washington

  Member of the Continental Congress

 

 

 

B:1800s

 

90.    What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

  Louisiana Territory

  Louisiana

 

91.    Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

  War of 1812

  Mexican-American War

  Civil War

  Spanish-American War


 

 

92.    Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

  The Civil War

 

93.    The Civil War had many important events. Name one.

  (Battle of) Fort Sumter

  Emancipation Proclamation

  (Battle of) Vicksburg

  (Battle of) Gettysburg

  Sherman's March

  (Surrender at) Appomattox

  (Battle of) Antietam/Sharpsburg

  Lincoln was assassinated.

94.    Abraham Lincoln is famous for many things. Name one*.

  Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

  Saved (or preserved) the Union

  Led the United States during the Civil War

  16th president of the United States

  Delivered the Gettysburg Address

 

95.    What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

  Freed the slaves

  Freed slaves in the Confederacy

  Freed slaves in the Confederate states

  Freed slaves in most Southern states

 

96.    What U.S. war ended slavery?

  The Civil War

 

97.   What amendment gives citizenship to all persons born in the United States?

  14th Amendment

 

98.    When did all men get the right to vote?

  After the Civil War

  During Reconstruction

  (With the) 15th Amendment

  1870


 

 

99.    Name one leader of the women's rights movement in the 1800s.

  Susan B. Anthony

  Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  Sojourner Truth

  Harriet Tubman

  Lucretia Mott

  Lucy Stone

 

 

 

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

 

100.    Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

  World War I

  World War II

  Korean War

  Vietnam War

  (Persian) Gulf War

 

101.    Why did the United States enter World War I?

  Because Germany attacked U.S. (civilian) ships

  To support the Allied Powers (England, France, Italy, and Russia)

  To oppose the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria)

 

102.    When did all women get the right to vote?

  1920

After World War I

(With the) 19th Amendment

 

103.    What was the Great Depression?

  Longest economic recession in modern history

 

104.    When did the Great Depression start?

  The Great Crash (1929)

  Stock market crash of 1929

 

105.    Who was president during the Great Depression and World War II?

  (Franklin) Roosevelt


 

 

106.    Why did the United States enter World War II?

  (Bombing of) Pearl Harbor

  Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor

  To support the Allied Powers (England, France, and Russia)

  To oppose the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan)

 

107.   Dwight Eisenhower is famous for many things. Name one.

  General during World War II

  President at the end of (during) the Korean War

  34th president of the United States

  Signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 (Created the Interstate System)

 

108.    Who was the United States' main rival during the Cold War?

  Soviet Union

  USSR

  Russia

 

109.    During the Cold War, what was one main concern of the United States?

•Communism

  Nuclear war

 

110.    Why did the United States enter the Korean War?

  To stop the spread of communism

 

111.    Why did the United States enter the Vietnam War?

  To stop the spread of communism

 

112.    What did the civil rights movement do?

  Fought to end racial discrimination

113.    Martin Luther King, Jr. is famous for many things. Name one*.

  Fought for civil rights

  Worked for equality for all Americans

  Worked to ensure that people would "not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character"

 

114.    Why did the United States enter the Persian Gulf War?

  To force the Iraqi military from Kuwait


 

 

115.    What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?*

  Terrorists attacked the United States

  Terrorists took over two planes and crashed them into the World Trade Center in New York City

  Terrorists took over a plane and crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia

  Terrorists took over a plane originally aimed at Washington, D.C., and crashed in a field in Pennsylvania

 

116.    Name one U.S. military conflict after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

  (Global) War on Terror

  War in Afghanistan

  War in Iraq

 

117.   Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

  Apache

  Blackfeet

  Cayuga

  Cherokee

  Cheyenne

  Chippewa

  Choctaw

  Creek

•Crow

  Hopi

  Huron

  lnupiat

  Lakota

  Mohawk

  Mohegan

  Navajo

  Oneida

  Onondaga

  Pueblo

  Seminole

  Seneca

  Shawnee

  Sioux

  Teton

  Tuscarora

For a complete list of tribes, please visit bia.gov.


 

 

118.    Name one example of an American innovation.

  Light bulb

  Automobile (cars, internal combustion engine)

  Skyscrapers

  Airplane

  Assembly line

  Landing on the moon

  Integrated circuit (IC)

 

 

 

SYMBOLS AND HOLIDAYS

 

A: Symbols

 

119.    What is the capital of the United States?

  Washington, D.C.

 

120.    Where is the Statue of Liberty?

  New York (Harbor)

  Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

121.    Why does the flag have 13 stripes?*

  (Because there were) 13 original colonies

  (Because the stripes) represent the original colonies

 

122.    Why does the flag have 50 stars?

  (Because there is) one star for each state

  (Because) each star represents a state

  (Because there are) 50 states

 

123.    What is the name of the national anthem?

  The Star-Spangled Banner

 

124.    The Nation's first motto was "E Pluribus Unum." What does that mean?

  Out of many, one

  We all become one


 

B:Holidays

 

125.    What is Independence Day?

  A holiday to celebrate U.S. independence (from Britain)

  The country's birthday

126.    Name three national U.S. holidays*.

  New Year's Day

  Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

  Presidents Day (Washington's Birthday)

  Memorial Day

  Independence Day

  Labor Day

  Columbus Day

  Veterans Day

  Thanksgiving Day

  Christmas Day

 

127.    What is Memorial Day?

  A holiday to honor soldiers who died in military service

 

128.    What is Veterans Day?

  A holiday to honor people in the (U.S.) military

  A holiday to honor people who have served (in the U.S. military)

Tác giả: USCIS
Nguồn tin: www­­­­­.uscis.gov

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